Microcurrent in aesthetics is commonly described as “facial toning or non surgical face lifting” due to the dramatic lifting effect that microcurrent has on facial muscles and facial contours. Microcurrent stimulation delivers tiny electrical impulses that mirror the body’s own natural bio electrical field. Originally developed for treating facial palsy microcurrent therapy is now also used widely in physiotherapy for pain control and in hospitals for wound healing.
As an aesthetic treatment microcurrent stimulation has been shown to have a number of other cosmetic benefits:
- Re-educate muscles: improve the muscle tone on the face and neck
- Reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, including nasolabial folds
- Improve tissue elasticity and firmness
- Increase blood and lymph circulation to promote tissue regeneration
- Promote cellular renewal that reduces acne and skin irritation
- Lift the jowls and eyebrows
- Enhances the penetration of the active ingredients of skin care formulations
- Increases the production of collagen and elastin
- Increases protein synthesis, gluconeogenesis and cell membrane transport
- Increases mitochondria activity, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
- Lift the skin after surgery to support the lift and treat blood stasis, scars and numbness.
True microcurrent uses a current with an intensity of less than one millionth of an amp (< 1mA) and because of it’s low intensity it does not cause a physical or visual contraction of the muscle, instead, microcurrent stimulation works by a process called muscle re-education.
In the 1960’s Drs S. Baker and S.Doyle demonstrated that effective and long term muscle re-education could only be achieved using microcurrent if ultra low frequencies (less than 1 Hertz) were used. In his book, The Body Electric Dr Robert O. Becker, indicates that to be effective microcurrent impulses need to be delivered using a modified waveform that is able to overcome the body’s natural resistance to current (Ohms law) without causing client discomfort.
Combining ultra low frequencies with a modified waveform enables the microcurrent to recharge the electrical potential of the muscle by stimulating the spindle cell fibers that run the length of the muscle and attach to the Golgi tendon organ in the belly of the muscle. This Golgi tendon organ (GTO) simulation technique was developed by Dr George Goodheart in the late 60’s. During treatment all 32 facial muscles are physically manipulated using soft cotton tipped wands (probes) or other attachments that transmit the microcurrent impulses.
Although a remarkable difference is seen after the first treatment, the benefits of microcurrent are cumulative and typically a course of 12 treatments will be required for optimum results.
A typical course of treatment ranges from 4 courses to 15 courses. After that, once a month treatment is usually all that is needed to maintain facial muscle tone and youthful appearance.
Treatment approach and frequency is based on your age, skin condition and specific concerns, and it includes other modalities such as cleansing, exfoliation, and serum application to achieve best results.
20 – 30 years old: the process of delaying aging
30 – 35 years old: 4 – 6 basic procedures, 1-8 weekly maintenance
35 – 40 years old: 6 – 10 basic treatments, 2 times a week; maintenance 6 – 8 weeks
40 – 50 years old: 8 – 12 basic courses, 3 times a week, 2 times a week after 1 week. Maintenance every 4-8 weeks.
50 – 60 years old: 12 – 15 basic treatments, 3 times a week for 2 weeks, then 2 times a week. Maintenance 4-8 weeks.
> 60 years old: 15 basic treatments, 3 times a week; every 4 weeks